Other Brough Coat of Arms
From March 2001 to March 2004, Catharine Ann Brough Hind supplied the RBFO with the following information and additional Brough coat of arms:
Comparison of genealogies, available pedigrees and heraldry of Broughs of long residence in several counties [of England], show kinship between them and rights in each others counties to a surprising degree. Searching for the origins of the Brough Ancient arms I find...
The earliest arms recorded to members of the de Burgh family are in the Henry III Roll (1216-1272). William de Burgh bore, quarterly, or & azure; Arden & St Geo Rolls. In the same Reign Walker de Burgh bore, quarterly, argent & gules, a cross passant of the second; Norfolk Roll.
Edward I Roll (1272-1301) the great Lord Hurbert de Burgh, Earl of Kent and Lord Chancellor of England. Defender of this Island and its Throne bore, lozengy gules & vair (f). His son John de Burgh the same, in Camden & Dering Rolls; & also (1) masculy vair & gules, seven mascules, 3.3&1, vair; Howard Roll.
Roll of Edward III (1327-1377) Walter de Burgh, Earl of Ulster (brother of Lord Hubert) bore, or , a cross gules, the ancient arms of Bigod, Earl of Norfolk; Ashmole Roll. Thomas de Burgh of Richmondshire, N.Yorkshire, bore, argent, on a fess sable three besant. Sir John de Burgh bore, argent, on a fess dencettee sable three besants.
Again in Edward III Roll both Roald de Burgh and William de Burgh bore, argent, on a saltire sable five cygnets of the field; Grimaldi & Jenyns Ordinary.
Mr. Josiah C. Wedgewood, transcribing arms of old Staffordshire families for the Archaeological Soc. 1913 of medieval form "...very simple, devoid of the later flummery of Elizabethan Heraldry." The more elaboration the more likely the family is new-risen. The simpler, the older the family be they now too, simply gentry and Yeoman. "Flummery" might be adopted by the newly-rich in self-aggrandizement, in belief that simplicity suggests rusticity or lesser worth.
The swan coat of the Broughs is depicted in the window of the Saltmarsh family Chantry Chapel in Howden Minster, E.Yorkshire; and is recorded on a quarterly of six on a tomb in the nave of St Mary's Church, East Bergholt, Suffolk. "1 & 6, the CARDINALL family and 3. a hart's head cabossed Arg. Knightly. 4. Arg. On a saltire S. Five swans close proper. Burgh of Burgh Hall, Co. Stafford. 5. a lion rampant within a bordure engrailed Sa. Cowley." Cowley: that other family whose arms were deemed incorrect when the de Knightleys had their own and other's pedigrees and papers redrawn. These property titles, signatures, arms and seals are a Treasure of Northamptonshire County Record Office and rightly so.
The 14thc marriage of John de Knightly to Elizabeth, "grand-daughter and sole heir of Lord Wm de Burgh, dau of his son Adam" brought political power and wealth in property to de Knightley. The Wills and grants of the de Burghs & their kin the de Westons show how many of both Houses died in the horror of the Black Death; but enough survived to pursue John and Elizabeth in court in quest of their ancient estates; although most accept Fines & assurance that ownership devolve back to the heirs of their bodies should be Knightleys themselves fail in heirs of their own bodies....
Alinora de Cowley as widow of Sir William Douglas married Lord Wm Bagot. Widowed again, was second wife to Lord Wm de Burgh. Archibald Douglas, so famous in Scottish History, son of Alinora had rights of the Bagot and Cowley families and in 1383 a claim on these assets by his heirs came to court where witnesses for all parties involved gave evidence. On oath, Elizabeth said that she was "the daughter of Ada, who was the daughter of Lord Wm de Burgh." The small letter "M'--with which Ada became Adam--made so large a difference to her status, primary giving her presumed male descent into family estates, many occupied by other de Burghs of Lord William's kin. The de Knightley's were challenged in court by the unseated de Burghs, the legality of their claims upheld in Awards made to them of compensatory Fines and clauses of future inheritance should the de Knightleys fail in male heirs.
I have never seen proof of any Title regained, and indeed by the 16thc the de Knightleys had the 12th to 14thc Deeds of the de Burgh Staffordshire properties rewritten. Works of art, much treasured for their genealogical and heraldic adornment they can be seen at Northampton Record Office. The difference an "m" can make to Ada and Adam is forgotten or unrecognized except perhaps by those who may have seen the claims of the Douglas clan.
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