Brough Family Organization
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Broughs of Yorkshire, England

     The lineages of the Broughs of Yorkshire, England, extends back to Medieval times--and their descendants can be found today in the British Isles, Australia and the United States.
     Interestingly, a number of Brough families of Yorkshire used the same Brough arms and shield containing "five swans" as did the Broughs of Staffordshire and Lincolnshire on their Brough Shield and Coat of Arms. In May 2010, Ann Brough Hind of England (a well-known Brough historian) stated: "We can't dismiss anyone who has the five swans of the field on their Arms as so many of the Houses of Broughs offshoot from the basics. The bearers of different Arms were granted their own for their accomplishments, but the bloodline is for the most part descended." Whether these probable family relationships are specifically based on blood, adoption, inheritance, occupation, land ownership or something else, is presently being researched.

Broughs of Brough Hall near Catterick, Yorkshire



Additional information about St. Anne church is available here.

Broughs of Brough and Brough Hall near Catterick, Yorkshire
John de Burgh, b.1182, of Burrow, Westmorland, England
John de Burgh, b.1220, of Burrow, Westmorland, England
William de Burgh, b.1243, of Nether Burrow, Westmorland, England
William de Burgh, b.1267, of Westmorland and Yorkshire, England
Willielmi Borough, b.1293, of Brough near Catterick, Yorkshire, England
Elizabetham Borough, b.1324, of Brough near Catterick, Yorkshire, England
Johannes Borough, b.1347, of Brough near Catterick, Yorkshire, England
Willielmus Borough, b.1371, of Brough near Catterick, Yorkshire, England, built St. Anne's in 1412.
William Borough, b.1395, of Brough near Catterick, Yorkshire, England
     Robert Borough, b.1432, of Brough near Catterick, Yorkshire: Robert Borough moved to      Lincolnshire in the 1400's, and his descendants now live in England and the United States.
William Borough, b.1428, of Brough near Catterick, Yorkshire, England
     Margaret Borough, b.1460, of Brough near Catterick, Yorkshire, England: Margaret Borough married      John Saltmarsh in about 1483. Their Arms are displayed in the Saltmarshe Chapel of Howden      Minster church in Yorkshire.
William Borough, b.1450, of Brough near Catterick, Yorkshire, England
George Borough, b.1481, of Brough near Catterick, Yorkshire, England
Roger Brough, b.1502, of Brough Hall near Catterick, Yorkshire, England
Roger Brough, b.1522, of Brough Hall near Catterick, Yorkshire, England
Elizabeth Brough, b.1547, of Brough Hall near Catterick, Yorkshire, England
     Elizabeth married Ralph Lawson of Northumberland, whose descendants held Brough Hall until 1979.

    
 The ancestors and descendants of the "Borough" family of "Brough" and "Brough Hall" near Catterick, Yorkshire, are listed in the Family Pedigree of "Borough" that appears in the book The Visitation of Yorkshire, in the Years 1563 and 1564 by William Flower (FHL Book # British, 942, B4h, v.16, pages 26-27, 113, 315). The "Borough" family "Arms" consisted of: "A.[Argent] on a saltire sable five swans of the first".
     Also, the following information about Brough Hall near Catterick, Yorkshire, comes from the book Victoria County History: A History of the County of York North Riding, by William Page, Editor, 1914, Volume 1, pages 301-313.
     BROUGH (Burgh, till xvii cent.) was held by Tor before the Conquest and by Enisan of Count Alan in 1086. Enisan's successors, the lords of Constable Burton (q.v.), had a mesne lordship here.
     Among the tenants in 1286, when Brough was held in 'divers fees,' was evidently William de Burgh, who was party to an agreement concerning 7 oxgangs here in 1296 and was the principal tenant in 1301. He or his son William settled the manor in 1348 on himself in tail-male, with remainder to his daughter Elizabeth wife of Richard de Richmond, whose heirs took the name of Burgh. They were succeeded by a son John who died in 1412. His son William rebuilt Catterick Church. He died in 1442 and his son Christopher succeeded him. On his death without male issue the manor passed to the heirs of his younger brother William. William had two sons, William and George. The former left at his death sons William and Christopher. Their line, however, ended in heiresses and the manor passed to the heirs of George. Roger Burgh, his grandson, died seised in 1574; he seems to have broken the entail, for the manor was inherited by his daughter and heir Elizabeth wife of Sir Ralph Lawson. Ralph died in 1623, and was succeeded by his grandson Henry. He died in 1636, leaving a son and heir Roger. Roger was succeeded by his brother John, whose lands were sequestered in 1653, and sold by the treason trustees to John Rushworth. They were restored by Charles II, who made John Lawson a baronet in 1665. He was succeeded by his son Henry, who left a son John. John was succeeded by another Henry, who also had a son John. This Sir John died without issue, and the estate and baronetcy passed to his brother Henry, who was succeeded in 1834 by his nephew William Wright, son of his sister Elizabeth. William took the name of Lawson, and was made a baronet in 1841. His grandson Sir Henry Joseph Lawson is the present baronet.
     In addition, the following information about Brough Hall near Catterick, Yorkshire, appeared in the publication Country Life by John Cornforth, October 12, 1967, pages 894-898:
     Brough, lies about a mile to the south-west [of Catterick], and makes it more difficult for a stranger to grasp the Lawson family's ancient connection with the village. For centuries they and their medieval and Tudor predecessors, the de Brughs or Broughs, maintained the bridge []known as Catterick Bridge] and were buried in the church that Katherine de Brugh and heirs on built in 1412.
     …It is necessary to explain how the Lawsons came to Brough in the second half of the 16th century. Henry (Maire) Lawson, who inherited in 1811, traced his ancestors back to the Leonard Lawson of Burwell, alias Bywell, 13 generations back from the Ralph Lawson who acquired Brough. This Leonard Lawson appears to be the same man as Lawrence of Corbridge, whom H. H. E. Craster identifies as the first of the family: he appears in a subsidy roll of 1336, and was a burgess of Newcastle and a householder in Corbridge. Craster accepts that William Lawson, who married Agnes Cramlington about 1425, was a closely related descendant of his. Through this marriage Cramlington came to the Lawsons, and the senior branch continued to hold part of it until they died out in 1791.
     One of William Lawson's youngest great-grandsons, James, was a Newcastle merchant and mayor of the town in 1529 and 1540. He bought property at Byker, just to the east of Gateshead on the Tyne, and at West Wetfen. Ralph Lawson was James' grandson, and acquired Brough through his marriage in 1565 to Elizabeth Brough, the heiress. The Broughs were a family as old as the Lawsons, and seem to have held the property at least since the reign of Edward II [1307-1327].
     It is not clear when Elizabeth Brough's father died and Brough came to the young couple, but Ralph and Elizabeth Lawson were certainly the builders of the middle part of the present house. Ralph Lawson was only 15 in 1561-62 and at Douai in 1568, and so it is unlikely that they started to build until after that, probably in the 1570s or 1580s. The reason for attributing the house to them is heraldic evidence on all three floors. Both the ceilings in the great hall and the present kitchen on the first floor bear their arms: two achievements occur, one showing the arms of the Lawsons quartered with those of the Cramlingtons and the Swinnows, Ralph Lawson's mother's family, together with the Lawson crest; and the other showing the arms of the Lawsons impaled with those of the Broughs, the Lawson arms quartered as before, and the Brough arms quartered with a coat I have not identified. In subsidiary panels appear the Lawson martlet, the Lawson rising sun, the Swinnow boar, and the Brough swan. Fragments of a frieze on the top floor also incorporate the complete Lawson crest, a rising sun supported by two flexed arms on a wreath.

Broughs of Saltmarshe, Yorkshire

     The Broughs of Saltmarshe, Yorkshire, descend from the Broughs of Brough and Brough Hall near Catterick, Yorkshire. For example, Margaret Borough (b.abt.1460) of Brough near Catterick, married John Saltmarshe (1455-1513) of Saltmarshe in 1483 in Yorkshire, and Margaret's ancestry goes back to the Broughs of Catterick in the 1200's. Saltmarshe and Brough arms are still visible today (as shown below) in a beautiful glass window pane located in the Saltmarshe Chapel in the Minster Church of St. Peter and St. Paul in Howden, Yorkshire.
     The following three composite pictures show and describe some of associations and descendants of the Broughs and Saltmarshe families of Saltmarshe, Yorkshire.


Broughs of North Cowton Manor, Yorkshire

     The following image comes from the book "A History of Yorkshire North Riding: The Victoria History of the Counties of England" (by William Page, London, England, 1968, Volume 1, page 75; FHL Book # 942, H2vyn), and states the following (as shown below):
     In 1435-1436, John Brough was returned as holding one knight's fee in North and South Cowton. From him the manor [of Gilling] descended through his son William, his grandson and great-grandson of the same name to his great-great-grandson William Brough, who left daughters and co-heirs Anne and Elizabeth. Anne was married to Thomas Tempest, who died seised of North Cowton Manor about 1544, leaving a daughter and heir Anne wife of Sir Ralph Bulmer. Sir Ralph Bulmer died seised in 1558 in right of his wife, leaving daughters and heirs Joan, Frances and Millicent, Joan being married to Francis Cholmley in her father's lifetime. In 1564, 1565 and 1566 the co-heirs and their husbands granted severally one-eighth of the manor to Sir George Bowes, to whose son Sir William the whole manor came at his death.

Broughs of North Cowton Manor, Yorkshire
John de Burgh, b.1182, of Burrow, Westmorland, England
John de Burgh, b.1220, of Burrow, Westmorland, England
William de Burgh, b.1243, of Nether Burrow, Westmorland, England
William de Burgh, b.1267, of Westmorland and Yorkshire, England
Willielmi Borough, b.1293, of Brough near Catterick, Yorkshire, England
Elizabetham Borough, b.1324, of Brough near Catterick, Yorkshire, England
Johannes Borough, b.1347, of Brough near Catterick, Yorkshire, England
Willielmus Borough, b.1371, of Brough near Catterick, Yorkshire, England, built St. Anne's in 1412.
William Borough, b.1395, of Brough near Catterick, Yorkshire, England
William Borough, b.1428, of Brough near Catterick, Yorkshire, England
William Borough, b.1450, of Brough near Catterick, Yorkshire, England
Elizabeth Borough, b.1482, of Brough near Catterick, Yorkshire, England; married Thomas Tempest
Anne Tempest, b.1510, of North Cowton, Yorkshire, England; married Ralph Bulmer

Town of Brough in East Riding, Yorkshire

     The town of Brough, or Brough-on-Humber, is in the civil parish of Elloughton-cum-Brough in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. The town has a population of about 7,000.
     According to historical documents of the 1820's (as quoted by Colin Hinson in on-line Genuki): "Brough [is] in the parish of Elloughton, wapentake of Harthill, & liberty of St. Peter's; ¾ mile S. of Elloughton, 3 miles SSE. of South Cave. At this place is a Ferry across the Humber to Wintringham, Lincolnshire. Here the Roman road runs from Lincoln to York. This place by Horsley and others, is supposed to have been the Petvasia of Ptolemy. --Drake differs from them, but states, "that it seems to bid fair for being a Roman fortress."


Above map from Super Scale Great Britain Road Atlas AZ (Geographers' A-Z Map Company)

The following pictures of Brough in Yorkshire were taken by Philip and Bebe Brough in April 2010

Broughs of Kirk Ella, Yorkshire;
and of Australia

     About seven miles east of the town of Brough in East Riding of Yorkshire, England, are the two villages of Kirk Ella and Hessle.
     St. Andrews church in Kirk Ella includes structures that date back to the early 1200's, and the west tower of the church was built in the mid 1400's. All Saints church in Hessle is recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086, but the present church dates from the 12th century and was remodeled in the 1860's.
     During the 1600's to the 1800's a number of Brough families lived in and near Kirk Ella and Hessle, and their descendants were christened, married and buried at St. Andrews church and All Saints church.
     Below is a list showing the direct descendants of one of these Brough families whose ancestry extends from the 1900's in Australia back to the 1200's in Yorkshire.

Broughs of Kirk Ella, Yorkshire; and of Australia:
John de Burgh, b.1182, of Burrow, Westmorland, England
John de Burgh, b.1220, of Burrow, Westmorland, England
William de Burgh, b.1243, of Nether Burrow, Westmorland, England
William de Burgh, b.1267, of Westmorland and Yorkshire, England
Willielmi Borough, b.1293, of Brough near Catterick, Yorkshire, England
Elizabetham Borough, b.1324, of Brough near Catterick, Yorkshire, England
Johannes Borough, b.1347, of Brough near Catterick, Yorkshire, England
Willielmus Borough, b.1371, of Brough near Catterick, Yorkshire, England, built St. Anne's in 1412.
William Borough, b.1395, of Brough near Catterick, Yorkshire, England
Robert Borough, b.1432, of Brough near Catterick, Yorkshire, England
Thomas Borough, b.1457, of Yorkshire and Lincolnshire, England
Robert Borough, b.1483, of Saltfleetby, Lincolnshire, England
William Borough, b.1511, of Saltfleetby, Lincolnshire, and Warter, Yorkshire, England
William Borough, b.1539, of Saltfleetby, Lincolnshire, and Yorkshire, England
Willelmus Burghe, b.1565, of Cottingham, Yorkshire, England
John Brough, b.1591, of Kirk Ella, Yorkshire, England
Thomae Brough, b.1619, of Kirk Ella, Yorkshire, England
Anthonius Brough, chr.1657, Kirk Ella, Yorkshire, England
Robert Brough, chr.1692, Hessle, Yorkshire, England
Anthony Brough, chr.1723, Hessle, Yorkshire, England
Anthony Brough, chr.1769, Hessle, Yorkshire, England
Anthony Brough, b.1802, London, England
Anthony Brough, b.1836, Minories, London, England
Anthony Watson Brough, b.1861, Leytonstone, Essex, England
Charles Anthony Brough, b.1889, West Maitland, New South Wales, Australia
Paul Heighway Anthony Brough McMichael, b.1918, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia; d.1987

Broughs of Lastingham and Gilling, Yorkshire;
and of Utah

Broughs of Lastingham and Gilling, Yorkshire; and of Utah:
John de Burgh, b.1182, of Burrow, Westmorland, England
John de Burgh, b.1220, of Burrow, Westmorland, England
William de Burgh, b.1243, of Nether Burrow, Westmorland, England
William de Burgh, b.1267, of Westmorland and Yorkshire, England
Willielmi Borough, b.1293, of Brough near Catterick, Yorkshire, England
Elizabetham Borough b.1324, of Brough near Catterick, Yorkshire, England
Johannes Borough, b.1347, of Brough near Catterick, Yorkshire, England
Willielmus Borough, b.1371, of Brough near Catterick, Yorkshire, England, built St. Anne's in 1412.
William Borough, b.1395, of Brough near Catterick, Yorkshire, England
William Borough, b.1428, of Brough near Catterick, Yorkshire, England
William Borough, b.1450, of Brough near Catterick, Yorkshire, England
William Borough, b.1480, of Brough near Catterick, Yorkshire, England
William Brough, b.1506, of Howden, Yorkshire, England
John Brough, b.1534, of Howden, Yorkshire, England
William Brough, b.1563, of Howden, Yorkshire, England
John Brough, chr.1589, Howden, Yorkshire, England
Robert Brough, chr.1630, Lastingham, Yorkshire, England
Robert Brough, chr.1667, Lastingham, Yorkshire, England
Robert Brough, chr,1710, Gilling Near Helmsley, Yorkshire, England
Joseph Brough (Bruff), chr.1743, Gilling Near Helmsley, Yorkshire, England; Man Servant
Robert Brough (Bruff), chr.1784, Gilling Near Helmsley, Yorkshire, England; Agricultural Laborer
John Brough, chr.1819, Kirkby Moorside, Yorkshire, England; Farmer
George W. Brough, b.1854, Beech Creek, Indiana, USA; Farmer
Wallace McKinley Brough, b.1897, Deepwater, Missouri, USA; Lumberman & Miner
Farrell Pitt Brough, b. 1924, Kamas, Utah, USA; Lumberman & Rancher

Broughs of Crambe, Yorkshire; and of Utah

Broughs of Crambe, Yorkshire; and of Utah:
John de Burgh, b.1182, of Burrow, Westmorland, England
John de Burgh, b.1220, of Burrow, Westmorland, England
William de Burgh, b.1243, of Nether Burrow, Westmorland, England
William de Burgh, b.1267, of Westmorland and Yorkshire, England
Willielmi Borough, b.1293, of Brough near Catterick, Yorkshire, England
Elizabetham Borough, b.1324, of Brough near Catterick, Yorkshire, England
Johannes Borough, b.1347, of Brough near Catterick, Yorkshire, England
Willielmus Borough, b.1371, of Brough near Catterick, Yorkshire, England, built St. Anne's in 1412.
William Borough, b.1395, of Brough near Catterick, Yorkshire, England
William Borough, b.1428, of Brough near Catterick, Yorkshire, England
William Borough, b.1450, of Brough near Catterick, Yorkshire, England
William Borough, b.1480, of Brough near Catterick, Yorkshire, England
William Brough, b.1506, of Howden, Yorkshire, England
William Brough, b.1532, of Howden, Yorkshire, England
William Brough, b.1564, of Pollington, Yorkshire, England
William Broughe, b.1590, of Snaith, Yorkshire, England
Francis Brough, chr.1639, Crambe, Yorkshire, England
John Brough, b.1673, Crambe, Yorkshire, England
Francis Brough, chr.1709, Crambe, Yorkshire, England
John Brough, b.1738, Crambe, Yorkshire, England
William Nicholson (Brough), chr.1763 (adopted), Old Malton, Yorkshire, England
William Brough, chr.1791, St. Leonard, New Malton, Yorkshire, England
George Brough, b.1823, New Malton, Yorkshire, England
George William Brough, b.1854, Lehi, Utah, USA
Owen Lavar Brough, b.1886, Spring City, Utah, USA
Robert Max Brough, b.1927, East Tremonton, Utah, USA

Other Brough Families of Yorkshire

     Another reference to the Broughs of Yorkshire states that: "The earliest mention found of Broughs in Hauxwell is in 1516, when Peter Brough of Newton Morrell, Henry Brough of Spennithorne and Anthony and Thomas Brough of East Hauxwell were pardoned for a murder committed at West Hauxwell. The John said to be the grantee had, according to tradition, a son and heir Peter, father of the Leonard [Brough] who made a settlement of his manor [of East Hauxwell] in 1560. …Thomas [Brough] was assessed for the subsidy here in 1588-1599, and with Leonard his son and heir and Jane his wife sold the manor in 1604 to his kinsman Richard Brough. Richard died in 1614, leaving a son and heir Lancelot, who died a minor in 1620. …The village of East Hauxwell [had a] manor-house and rectory facing each other at the south end of the village street. Leonard Brough's water-mill at East Hauxwell is mentioned in 1560." ("A History of Yorkshire North Riding: The Victoria History of the Counties of England", by William Page, London, England, 1968, Volume 1, pages 246-247; FHL Book # 942, H2vyn.)
     And another reference to the Broughs of Yorkshire states that: "The village of Elloughton lies about 15 km west of Hull, at the foot of the woods escarpment and 2 km from the banks of the river Humber. The parish is best known for the hamlet of Brough, beside the river, the site of a Roman fort and the scene of an attempt at town plantation in the 13 century. ...In the present century [1979] an aircraft factory has been established at Brough and extensive house-building has joined the two settlement. ...The Humber [river] crossing from Wintringham (Lincs.) to Brough was used by the Romans, if not before. Brough ferry was often mentioned from the Middle Ages." ("A History of Yorkshire East Riding: The Victoria History of the Counties of England", by William Page, London, England, 1968, Volume 4, page 93; FHL Book # 942, H2vye.V.4.)

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