Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, England
From the 1400's to the 1600's, a number
of Burgh families resided in Lincolnshire. The following list shows one
of these families whose descendants established themselves in Gainsborough
and Stow, Lincolnshire:
John de Burgh, b.1182, of Burrow, Westmorland, England
Matthew de Burgh, b.1225, of Over Burrow, Westmorland, England
Roger de Burgh, b.1255, of Burrow, Westmorland, England
Peter de Burgh, b.1286, of Kendal, Westmorland, England
John de Burgh, b.1312, of Kendal, Westmorland, England
John de Burgh, b.1336, of Kendal, Westmorland, England
Richard de Burgh, b.1366, of Kendal, Westmorland; d.1407, Yorkshire, England;
married Margaret Roos
Thomas Burgh, b.1394, of Cowthorpe, North Yorkshire, England
(Sir) Thomas Burgh, b.1431, d.1496, of Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, England
(1st Lord Burgh).
Sir Thomas Burgh (1431-1496)
built Gainsborough Old Hall in 1460-1483, which Richard III and Henry
(Baron) Edward Burgh, b.1464, d.1528, of Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, England,
(2nd Lord Burgh)
(Baron Thomas Burgh (b.1488, d.1550, of
Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, England
(Esquire) Henry Burgh, b.1531, bur.1557,
of Gainsborough and Stow, Lincolnshire, England
Richard Burgh, b.1557, bur.1616, of Stow, Lincolnshire, England
John Burgh, b.1582, of Stow in Lindsey, d.1627, Isle of Rhe (Ile de Re),
The family heritage of Richard Burgh (Esquire, 1540-1616)
and the patriotic service of his son, Sir John Burgh (1582-1627), is commemorated
by a brass memorial plaque that appears on the north
pier of the chancel arch in the church of St. Mary, Stow Minster.
According to Stow Minster's website,
the memorial states that "Sir John, 'a noble and valyeant souldyer'
[a noble and valiant soldier] was killed while serving as colonel-General
I's expeditionary force to the Isle of Rhe in 1627". Also,
Ann Brough Hind stated in June 2010 that the plaque and register of Memorials
of Stow Minster states the following (as shown below in the picture):
"In this Chancel Lyeth Bvryed Ye Bodies of Richard Burgh of Stowe
Hall Esq and Amy His Wife, which said Richard was descended from ye noble
and avntient familie of the Lord Burgh Baron of Gainsborough and next
heyre male of that familie & ye said Amy was the eldest daughter of
Anthonie Dillington of Knighton in ye Isle of Wight Esq whoe had together
4 sonnes vist: that noble & valeant sovldyer Sir John Burgh Colonell
Genrall of His Majesties Forces to ye Isle of Rhe [Ile
de Re] in France where he was slayne A Dni 1627 [20 Sep.1627],
Thomas, Richard & Edward, and 5 daughters Marie, Martha, Dillington,
Iane [Jane] & Anne. Ye said Richard dyed in A Dni 1616 & ye said
Amy A Dni 1632".
The church of St. Mary's in Stow Minister, Lindsay, Lincolnshire (shown
below), was founded in the 7th Century, and is one of the oldest and largest
parish churches in England. It is partly Saxon and partly Norman, and
has the tallest Saxon arches in the Europe and the earliest known example
of Viking graffiti in England. Click here
for more information and photos about the church of St.
Mary, Stow Minster, Lincolnshire.
Burghs of Gainsborough may be Connected
to other Burgh or Brough Families of the British Isles
Currently the BFO Research Committee believes
that the Brughs of Gainsborough may be connected to other Burgh or Brough
families of the British Isles. Below are several research reports on the
ancestry and descendants of the Burghs of Gainsborough and their possible
connections to other Burgh or Brough families of the British Isles.
Research Report on the Burghs of Gainsborough
by Michael McMichael, April 2015
authorities attribute the pedigree of the Gainsborough Burghs as descending
from Hubert de Burgh, Earl of Kent and Chancellor of England and the progenitor
of the Irish de Burgh/Burke/Bourke lineage.
Recent research by the BFO has established
that this is not the case, and that the Gainsborough line in fact descended
from the Gernet family of Westmorland, more particularly those members
of the family who resided at Burrow (or Burgh) and took the name of that
place as a surname, beginning it appears with one John de Burgh in the
late 12th Century.
There were, however, a number of de Burgh
families in Westmorland at that time (1), all presumably related, including
in 1270 one William de Burgh of nearby (i.e. to Burrow) Gressingham who
bore what have become known as the Brough arms (2).
Exactly the connection between this William
or the de Burghs of also nearby Middleton and the de Burghs/Burghs of
Cowthorpe and Catterick is not known at present, but it seems likely that
it was one of cousinage, particularly in light of the identical arms in
the Gressingham case to those borne by the Catterick branch.
Whether or not he was a descendant of these
or other de Burgh/Burgh lineages in Westmorland, one person who is of
great interest in any discussion of the rise of the Gainsborough Burghs,
and apparently related, is Hugh Burgh (3), who through 1415 to 1425 represented
Shropshire in Parliament on five occasions (4). Through his connections
with the powerful Talbot family (5) he was appointed the Treasurer of
Ireland in 1414, and remained in Ireland until the end of 1415 (6).
It seems probable that the coincidence of
landholding in Westmorland in previous centuries by Hubert de Burgh and
the similarity of first names, together with the holding of high office
in Ireland, albeit many years apart, has led to the confusion of Hugh
Burgh with the Earl of Kent - perhaps even a mistaken claiming of that
pedigree by the Gainsborough line.
However, the latter seems unlikely, as Hugh's
son John, who was more or less contemporary with Thomas Burgh, the first
Lord Burgh of Gainsborough, married Joan, the daughter of William Clopton
and with his mother's and wife's estates and his mother's royal connections
was a man of great substance (7) (8). It seems more reasonable to draw
the inference that Thomas Burgh gained his position at Court under Edward
IV as the consequence of his cousin's position, at least in the first
instance. As will be seen from the reference cited at footnote 7, this
family did not continue in the male line beyond John (9) (10), which may
have facilitated Thomas Burgh's rise.
(1) See, e.g., History of the County Palatine and Duchy of Lancaster,
Edward Baines, 1836, p 539 although the connection with Hubert de Burgh
is misstated. Web
(2) See British History Online, pp 85-89: Web
Link; and Materials for the History of the Church of Lancaster, Chetham
Society, 1984, p 163. Web
(3) See England and Normandy in the Middle Ages, David Bates, 1994. Web
(4) See The History of Parliament, 1386 - 1421. Web
(5) See The Commons in the Parliament of 1422: English Society and Parliamentary
Representation Under the Lancastrians, John Smith Roskell, 1954, p 159.
(6) Ibid, The History of Parliament.
(7) See Guto's Wales, part of the Guto'r Glyn Project under the auspices
of the University of Wales. Web
(8) See Wikipedia entry on Sir Henry Lingen. Web
(9) See also British History Online, Domesday Book 1300-1540, pp 72-118,
under the heading "Landlords" (fn 64). Web
(10) See also The Family of Lingen, by Tom Burgess, the Archaeological
Journal, Volume XXXIV, London, 1877. Web
Report on the Burghs of Gainsborough
by Ann Brough Hind, February 2015
In January 2008, Ann Brough Hind (considered
by the BFO as the foremost Brough historian in the world) wrote the following
to the BFO: "The Lincolnshire [Burghs and] Broughs has links with
the Broughs both north and east [of Lincolnshire] and with the 12th and
13th century Broughs [of Staffordshire]". And in November 2009, Ann
added the following: "I [intend to eventually] write-up [and submit
for publication] the evidence of direct connection between the Broughs
of Appleby, Cumbria [Cumberland], and of the Lords [of] Gainsborough,
Lincolnshire, with the Broughs of Leekfryth [Staffordshire] in 1486 as
shown in a volume of 15th and 16th century correspondence and legal grant
of land in Staffordshire and Derbyshire".
In February 2015, Ann sent the BFO a research
report (published below) entitled "A C15th [15th Century] Royal Grant
of Lands in Staffordshire, Derbyshire & Elsewhere", which presented
some of her findings and ideas regarding connections that may have existed
between the Broughs (or "Burghs" or "Boroughs") of
Staffordshire, Derbyshire, Lincolnshire and elsewhere in England.
C15TH [15th Century] ROYAL GRANT OF LANDS
IN STAFFORDSHIRE, DERBYSHIRE & ELSEWHERE
On The Morrow of St Martin,16 Edward IV. 1477.
"Collections for a History of Staffordshire" Wm Salt Arch. Soc.
Vol XI. P251.
Catharine Ann Hind, nee Brough. 2014
Elizabeth, Queen (Consort) of England; Thomas Boucher Cardinal Archbishop
of Canterbury; William Bishop of Ely; Richard Bishop of Salop; Thomas,
Earl of Lincoln; John, Bishop of Worcester; John Bishop of Rochester;
William, Bishop of Durham; Henry,Earl of Essex; Anthony, Earl Rivers;
William Hastynges, Knight of Hastynges; John Gunthorpe, Clerk; THOMAS
BOROUGH, Knight; Thomas Vaughan, Knight; Sir Thomas Montgomery; Richard
Fowler and William House
John Pole, Knight &Alice,ux (wife) Deforcients
of the Manor of SHENE. 10 messuages (farmhouses with out - buildings)
1water mill, 200 acres of land, 20 of meadow, 300 of pasture,10 acres
of wood and rents of £10 in Shene; and the Manor of HERTYNDON with
8 messuages, 6 tofts, 2 caracute of land, and 100 shillings of rents."
" John and Alice Pole granted the said
Manors and tenements to the complainants and HEIRS OF THE BISHOP OF LINCOLN,
for which the complainants gave them £400." ( 1. )
An early pedigree of the Lincolnshire's
de Burgh Line begins with Hubert, a son of Hubert de Burgh, Earl of Kent
and Chancellor of England; whilst another, perhaps later pedigree begins
with Richard Burgh of Cowthorpe and Bikerton, Yorkshire and his wife Margaret,
daughter of Thomas Roos of Kendal. Their eldest son Thomas Burgh Esquire
married Elizabeth, daughter and co - heir of Sir Henry Percy d'Atholl,
1st Earl of Northumberland amongst whose properties was Gainsborough.
By this marriage the de Burghs came to Gainsborough House, by inheritance
from Elizabeth's father. The pedigree in Dugdales Lincolnshire Visitation
records their son Thomas as their only child and it is he who is the Sir
Thomas Borough of the Royal Grant of 1477. Sir Thomas is a cousin to Elizabeth
King Edward's Queen, for both are Grandchildren of great The Earl of Northumberland
and great nephew and niece to a national military hero Henry Percy, whose
daring and prowess led the Scots to give him the name by which he is still
known "Harry Hotspur".
Thomas Burgh/Brough was a Member of the
Royal Household, friend and confidante to Edward IV who made him one of
his Council, and Master of The King's Horse. Doubtless he was with Edward
at the Battle of Towton, North Yorkshire on the 29th of March 1461. The
Lancastrians outnumbered the Yorkists in this bloodiest battle of the
Wars of The Roses, but Edward's prowess won the day and restored him to
the Throne. Much - rewarded, Sir Thomas was made a Knight of The Garter
and eventually created 1st Lord Gainsborough, for his Loyalty to that
The Yorkist King Edward IV's Queen Consort
Elizabeth was the widow of Sir John Grey, slain at St Albans in 1461,
fighting under under Lancaster's banners. She was also a daughter of the
Lancastrian Richard Woodville, Earl Rivers; her Mother was Jaquetta of
Luxembourg whose own mother was the widow of John, Duke of Lancaster.
It was as grandchildren of Henry Percy,
1st, Earl of Northumberland that she and her cousin Sir Thomas Borough
came full circle as relative to the other aristocrats of Wales, the Welsh
Marches and of several English Counties. Kinsmen; and heirs of The Late
Bishop of Lincoln named in this Royal Grant of Land.
Edward's own Yorkist supporters were less
than enthusiastic in reception of his unannounced, sudden, and secret
marriage to the daughter and widow of his enemies. They felt that in so
doing he had raised them to a level above themselves. They attributed
their King's falling in love and marrying Elizabeth in such short order
to magic spells of witchcraft used by her Mother. In truth they resented
further that Edward did so without consulting his ministers and advisers;
and worse, he was no longer in a position to choose his Queen from amongst
their own daughters as some hoped and some plotted, that he should.
With each gift or return of land by a victor
comes expectation that the landowners will equip and provide troops; few
or many according to his acres and occupants
and of course his
purse, should the King again need to depend upon their support in their
region. Traditional and good strategy in mapping any future crisis.
King Edward's early restoration to families
who had lost home and estate, suffered privation and even poverty in support
of him, were remembered. Some felt he rewarded too quickly and too early
in his return to Reign and viewed it as greed by his Queen and her large
immediate family: brothers, sisters and her children by John Grey, all
of whom were suddenly risen in rank by their new kinship with the Throne.
Of Elizabeth's own Woodville siblings, the
men must have properties and title befitting this new rank, and there
was no shortage of offers of marriage from heirs of aristocratic title
for Grey and Woodville ladies, whose own expectations had formerly focused
upon Gentlemen of more modest means. Those already married were promptly
risen in rank. This confirmed to the disappointed, that Elizabeth's Mother
had bewitched their King into marriage so that her daughter should sit
beside the Throne, and her family rise overnight.
Of Especial Interest To The Brough Family of North Staffordshire and
This Grant is of particular interest
to the Burgh or Brough families of the North Staffordshire Leekfryth,
a stiff walk from SHENE and a horse ride to HARTINGTON on the North West
Derbyshire border. Both these
and some other land in southern Derbyshire;
in Leicestershire and Nottinghamshire detailed within it, appear amongst
bequests and inventories of three early C16th Burgh/Brough brothers. Sons
of Robert Brough of Ye Chappelhowse, Dieulacres. Edmund at Brownsword;
William of The Roche Grange who had "land at Shene with a barn on
it"; and Thomas of Rushton ,whose will revealed "My stithie
at Hartington and Houses in Leicester"
Robert Brough of Ye Chappell House, Dieulacres
died in , naming four sons and grandchildren on their properties
on the Fryth. [Note: The Will of Robert Burgh, dated 13 May 1547, lists
the names of four of Robert's sons: Edmund, Thomas, William, and Richard
Burgh.] He left no property in Derbyshire or elsewhere, so seemingly the
brothers would have inherited from a Grandfather or Uncle of a generation
or two before them. I scoured Brough pedigrees emanating from Gainsborough
but found no tradition of Roberts. Edwards predominated in every generation,
as at Brownsword especially; although Robert too is also continuous across
North Staffordshire, and from the C13th to the C17th Broughs of Whitchurch,
as is Ralph.
Robert of Ye Chappelhowse named John Brough
"late of Middlehulme" in 1536 without detail of kinship. Later
Broughs, their widows "of Middlehulme"; and Robert Broughs of
Whitchurch are writ in the 16th & 17th century documents of Brownsword,
Roche Grange & Windyates as debtors or creditors; suggestive of some
perhaps of trading or of bonds held between them.
Robert Brough of Ye Chappelhowse leaves
in the care of his sons a silver heart, a silver cross and the keys to
the Chapel Yard. He made sizeable loans to Monks and an Abbott, made homeless
by the ruthless destruction of the Abbey by Thomas Cromwell's thugs. Did
his holding the keys and silver and close friendship to the Monks mean
that he was the last of their Seneschals as well as their Forester?
A Seneschal was a landowning man sufficiently
prosperous to leave his own affairs in the hands of others when he was
required to represent the Abbott in the outside world; i.e. in Court disputes
over land or other worldly matters. As Forester he never wielded and axe.
His role was oversight of the wellbeing of every living thing within it
and the acres around it. Every tree and leaf growing out of the ground
and all birds or animals living within. He oversaw the legal and pursued
the illegal hunting of dear, wild boar and game birds. He regulated the
entitlements of cottagers and other tenants to the kindling and larger
firewood; and the grazing of their cattle and seasonal feasts of Beech
mast by their boar within it and its surrounds.
Following the destruction of the Abbey,
the people of the Fryth needed a new church, nearer than All Saint's in
Leek in which to worship. St Matthew's (or as in an early painting in
Stafford C.R.O., St Mary's ?) was built under the auspices of Robert Brough
with his sons and other able residents as guardians with responsibility
for the building; the life of the Church and meat and provisions to maintain
a priest. Robert Brough entrusted the safety of the silver heart to
Rudyard; and we may consider what it may have represented.
Other Seneschals of Staffordshire Monasteries,
Convents and Lichfield Cathedral across centuries were Burghs, or Broughs.
One Ralph de Burgh of Whitmore as Seneschal of Hulton defended a complaint
over a piece of land at Middlehulme in 1268, the year attributed to the
centre longhouse section and an outbuilding in a 2000 archaeological survey
of Middlehulme. That mid C13th documenting of a complainant is the first
written association of the de Burgh / Brough name alongside that of Middlehulme
thus far found. It was also the time Dieulacres Abbey Monastery, Merbrook
was built to rehouse the Monks from their West Lancashire House, to escape
constant Welsh invasion and theft of their cattle.
Ralph de Burgh, Seneschal of Hulton was
followed into office by another Ralph, seemingly his son. A lease or gift
of property in Whitmore by Ralph Snr was to a couple of whom the wife
is believed to be his daughter; and made by Ralph at a time when he too,
took a new wife; but I've found nothing more. So are those Broughs living
in Whitmore his descendants, or is it coincidental that there were transactions
between them and Burgh/Broughs of Brownsword in the 16th? I opt for its
being a kinship, but still look for firmer evidence.
Early C16th Court Case records name many
young Hotheads from The Leekfryth, including the Brough Houses. Even quotations
survive. A Richard Burgh of Wyndygates, armed with a bow and arrows, when
advised by Authority to leave and escape trouble "sayd he could not
now go as he was a lyttul busyed." An early C16th raid by Fryth men
on a Farm at Cheddyltun included John Burgh of Middlehulme at 31 and John
Burgh of Middlehulme at 22yrs. Uncle & nephew seemingly born in Middlehulme
in 1487 & 1498 and matching the whole family recorded there in the
1532 Archdeacon's Census of the Fryth and which I will compare with old
documentation, including Musters, elsewhere and anon.
The connections between the Burgh/Brough
sons of Robert the Forrester of Dieulacres and the Burghs of Gainsborough
and their widespread family connections enlightens one's surprise at the
unexpected niceties and luxuries named amongst their bequests and inventories
listing rings, purses of gold coin, velvet capes and jackets; linen ruff
collars and silver buttons
belonging to our forebears in the wild
moors and lower grazing lands which once was Oak Forest
William of Roach Grange not only left a daughter her bed and its hangings,
but money left by a former kinsman "for her business at the time"
and lists her looms
more than she could operate herself. Fleeces
and rolls of cloth, other items for spinning, and of course, "money
of her purse". His son Thomas is to have the property at Knachurch
/Naychurch behind the Roaches) "which he already occupies".
"Her business" was more likely her personal needs rather than
commercial business; although every signal suggests that she ran that
The reference that most tellingly links
William to the Royal Grant is "My land at Shene with the barn upon
it." A canny move when you owned a piece of land away from your house
was to put up a building that holds animals, and a servant to live with
them. You own the land, you have property and livestock upon it and it
is a dwelling. This makes it more definitely yours, and prevents it being
What I would like the most to be able to
see is "My counterfeit." This isn't fraud or illegal coinage
it is a painted portrait. When he is absent and cannot be seen, you can
see a counterfeit, a copy, of his face.
Edmund Brough of Brownsword has a formidable
inventory including a bloom and iron for smelting it; and course, of livestock
and a comfortable home. And as with his brothers, an impressive wardrobe
of velvet clothes, hat, cape and ruffs. Without checking, I believe he
is also the one with beaver fur mittens. It is recorded that he displayed
a crest with swans.
Brother Thomas Brough of Heaton, Rushton;
besides his properties in Hartington and Leicester, left fleeces to his
nephews and to various women neighbours and servants. Dress fabrics to
his nieces. He also leaves monies to complete a young man's apprenticeship
and cancels some monies owing to him. He entrusts to his Beloved brother
Edmund monies to buy and equip a farm for his acknowledged illegitimate
son William Booth
and I wonder who got his best riding horse, his
fighting cocks, his purse of gold coins, velvet clothes and cape. Monies
to nieces and nephews "shall be given to them as will do right and
will be told. It shall be taken from any who do not right and will not
be told and given to the others." Following the tenets of Christian
personal conduct was paramount in these centuries. I like most of all
"My best sword to Edmund son of my brother Edmund with direction
that he part not with it save to another of the name of Brough."
A sword with a history, perhaps.
Robert Brough was likely the last Seneschal
of Dieulacres Abbey during its final phase of closure, desecration and
destruction at the hands of King Henry VIII's henchman, Thomas Cromwell;
Uncle of the notorious C17th Puritan and Regicide, Oliver Cromwell. As
guardian of some Abbey treasures including "A Silver Heart; a Silver
Cross and Ye Seal of Ye Gate "
that is, the Key that seals the
gate. Robert names John Burgh of Middlehulme whose kinship is not specified.
Perhaps a brother or cousin?
A Thomas Brough's C16th Middlehulme will
instructs his widow to "complete the property to a house of three
bays like unto my neighbour "
keeping up with the Jones's? Certainly
not to keep up with the Broughs of Windygates who built their three bays
in the C17th. Evidence supporting that this Thomas intended to enlarge
Middlehulme came in early 2000 when a large Grant was given to new owners
of Middlehulme to preserve the listed house and a listed adjoining farm
building (which has now gone!). Archaeologists went in, as they did also
to Windygates and identified both the barn and the centre of Middlehulme
house as a medieval longhouse of circa 1267, with a Tudor addition on
the west end. The 1st bay had been added at the time of the said will's
instruction. The 2nd seemingly c.1740 by Thomas Brough who held also Calton
Manor and other property at Alton, although the ancient stone door frame
looking over the lane bore the date of 1140, until the C21st repairs and
restorations by new owners. My own theory on that is that for an ancient
doorway to be inset into a mid c18th annexe suggests its removal from
the long house and insertion into the new. Very weatherworn, it could
once have read 12 or some early number plus 40. I note too that the main
Fire was at that end of the longhouse and/or Tudor conversion which is
exactly the place one would expect to see THE FIRE and the first chimney
stack. Originally, in a longhouse of 1267 the hearth would have been in
the middle of the floor and risen into and around ... a theory already
spoken of by my Father Edgar Brough n1898
the very last Brough
born in that House
and others of his nine brothers who were familiar
with the roof space. All spoke of the soot - blackened timbers at the
heart of the house . Their Father, Edmund and his C19th researcher and
historian cousins talked much of the evidence written and otherwise, to
all the boys.
The Lincolnshire Gentry and the Wars of the Roses
by Jonathan S. Mackman, August 1999
by Jonathan S. Mackman
Ph.D. Thesis, Department of History, University of York
August 1999, pages 302-303
ancestry of the Burgh's of Gainsborough is described in the publication,
"The Lincolnshire Gentry and the Wars of the Roses", by Jonathan
S. Mackman (Ph.D. Thesis, Department of History, University of York, August
1999, pages 302-303 (online source: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/2492/1/DX210326.pdf),
which states the following (without internal citations listed):
"The Burghs had been settled at Cowthorpe
in the North Riding of Yorkshire from at least the thirteenth century,
and only gained Lincolnshire interests in the fifteenth century. Richard
Burgh, a retainer of Thomas Mowbray, Earl Marshal, Earl of Nottingham
and later Duke of Norfok, left two sons, the eldest of whom, John, may
have been the John Burgh who attested the Lincolnshire election of 1436.
He died childless in 1438, and after the death of his wife, Isabel, in
1451, his lands passed to the Rouclyff family, the children of his younger
brother, Thomas, who had married Elizabeth, widow of Sir William Lucy
and the heiress of a junior branch of the Percy Earls of Northumberland.
Their son, Sir Thomas, inherited only modest estates. He gained the manor
of Couseby from his father, while his mother's lands consisted of the
Northumberland barony of Mitford and the Lincolnshire manor of Gainsborough,
which became his home. Sir Thomas joined the Yorkists from an early stage,
possibly through his Stafford connections, becoming a friend and supporter
of Edward IV, and the chief royal agent in Lincolnshire throughout Yorkist
period. He was a prominent royal household officer, a Knight of the Body
and Master of the Horse to Edward IV, was created a Knight of the Garter
by Richard III, and was elevated to the peerage as Lord Burgh of Gainsborough
by Henry VII in 1487. Sir Thomas died on 18 March 1496, and was buried
at Gainsborough, where he built the famous Old Hall, probably as a replacement
for the house destroyed prior to the 1470 Rebellion. He was succeeded
by his son, Edward, but Thomas' successors failed to build upon his successful
career, and the family died out during the sixteenth centry. John Burgh,
escheator of Lincolnshire in 1463 and a Lindsey JP in 1470, may have been
a brother of Sir Thomas, but there is no firm evidence...."
Reference Note: The "Stafford connections"
mentioned above are referenced in the following two publications:
1) The above mentioned 1999 Thesis, which
states the following: Page 284: "Sir Thomas Burgh of Gainsborough
1st Lord Burgh (c.1431-90)" married "Margaret Roos", and
Page 60: the "Roos" family held "Staffordshire estates";
Page 188: "Burgh's personal associations lay elsewhere - Hastings,
the Staffords, and even the Woodvilles"; Page: 209: "For Burgh's
Stafford connections, see Rawcliffe, 'Staffords', pp.55-6, 200, 225"
2) Rawcliffe, Carole, "The Staffords,
Earls of Stafford and Dukes of Buckingham 1394-1521" (Cambridge,
1978), pp.55-56, 200, 225. (FHL Book # 942, H2.), states the following:
"The first known appointment to his post [of Surveyors General] dates
from 1461 [1 April 1461], when Sir Thomas Burgh was given supervisory
powers over all the Dowager Anne's estates, with a life annuity of 40
marks. Burgh's activities at court made it necessary for him to appoint
a series of deputies.... Among their duties were the imposition and collection
of entry fines, the inspection of ministers' accounts and the sale of
timber; they were also expected to draw up leases and eal with a wide
variety of legal business." Interestingly, an online account (http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/Bios/ThomasBorough(1BGainsborough).htm)
of "Sir Thomas Burgh" also states the following: "Nothing
for certain is known about his [Sir Thomas Brough's] early life, but he
did serve in the great household of Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham
(The Dukes castle of Kimbolton is enfeoffed to Sir Thomas in 1459), a
senior but respected member of Henry VIs government, from 1456/7,
when he was paid ten marks per annum. Sir Thomas may have transferred
to the Duchess Annes household, maintaining his Stafford connections
even after his employment by the King, acting as a Surveyor General for
the dowager Duchess (from 1461) and also as executor of her will in 1480.
Sir Thomas also acted as feoffee for Henry, 2nd Duke of Buckingham. Sir
Thomas appears in recorded documents in 1455, at the death of his mother,
as being aged '24 or more..."